Headquartered in Missoula, Montana, Adventure Life is a vacation and adventure travel company that offers tours to both historic sites and remote wilderness regions around the world, earning nearly perfect ratings in its reviews across Yelp and Tourradar.com. One highly-reviewed Adventure Life destination is the Incan city of Machu Picchu, considered to be one of the wonders of the modern world.
Built across five miles of mountainous terrain amidst the Andes peaks, Machu Picchu was rediscovered in 1911 by archaeologist Hiram Bingham, thanks to the aid of local villagers. Historians are certain that it was a site of great religious or political significance, though they sometimes dispute its exact purpose. Built approximately 100 years before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores, the city was abandoned at roughly the same time as the conquest of the Incas, though there is no indication that the Spanish ever found or even knew about the city.
The challenging terrain surrounding Machu Picchu leaves it accessible either by train, from the ancient Incan capital of Cusco, or by the Inca Trail, the footpath used by the Incas themselves. Beyond the mere fact of the city’s existence in such rugged mountains, Machu Picchu is a testament to the sophistication of the Incas’ engineering and civic development, featuring aqueducts, masonry fitted without need for mortar, architecture that meshes with its natural settings, and districts dedicated for specific purposes, such as housing and farming.