The Somoza Regime and Sandinista Revolution

Nicaragua pic

Nicaragua
Image: adventure-life.com

Providing tours and adventure travel consultation for destinations around the world, Adventure Life has earned excellent ratings and reviews for its commitment to providing enriching experiences. The journeys offered by Adventure Life are meant not only to impress travelers with both natural and manmade wonders, but also to broaden perspectives through exposure to new cultures and their histories. One such tour, visiting Nicaragua, educates visitors about one of the many conflicts experienced by 20th-century Latin America.

The origin of Nicaragua’s most recent struggle dates back to 1937, when General Anastasio Somoza Garcia was inaugurated as president after a corrupt election. Within just a few years, he gradually assumed dictatorship by stripping power from his political opponents and filling positions of authority with friends and family. Upon his assassination in 1956, his son took power and established a dynastic rule, continuing to profit from Nicaragua’s increasing corruption.

The year 1962 saw the rise of a new military movement to overthrow the Somoza rule. Named after General Augusto Sandino, a national hero, the Sandinista National Liberation Front was initially weak, but gathered support from students, peasants, and a few wealthy patrons. Attempts by the Somoza government to illustrate the Sandinistas’ weakness served instead to demonstrate their courage and win more sympathy for the movement.

By 1979, the Somoza dictatorship was attacking civilians indiscriminately to exterminate the guerillas, and much of the population had turned against it, forcing national leaders to flee the country and the National Guard to surrender. The following social reforms and new policies helped rebuild and modernize Nicaragua, though the Sandinistas eventually lost favor and were voted out of power in 1990, signaling the end of 28 years of revolution.

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